FILM & VIDEO PRODUCTION GLOSSARY

# A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
There are currently 17 names in this directory beginning with the letter O.
Obie
A lighting term used to mean an eyelight mounted a camera. (Lighting)

Octave
An octave is referred to by musicians in the video production industry (and all other musicians too) to mean a note with the same sound but higher or lower frequency. The technical interval between two sounds having a basic frequency ratio of 2 to 1 will produce one octave difference. (Sound)

Off the record
Conversations between people or companies which are not recorded and should not be used for any purposes except for being a private and confidential conversation. Off the record is a term commonly used when producing documentary productions, political meetings or similar, where any recorded footage may not be used by a video production company, when both parties agree that it is strictly ‘off the record’. (Production)

Off-scale
It is off-scale if parameters are outside the range of the standard light values of a printer. (Laboratory)

Off-screen
Off-screen is an action or sound that occurs out of the range of view in a video or film. Off-screen action or sounds can be distracting and reduce the quality of the finished video, unless they are part of the planned process and add to the overall production values.

Offline
The editing process whereby the final edit list is compiled, usually in a more inexpensive edit room, in preparation for the on-line edit. (Video)

Online
The online editing process takes the video tapes and creates the final video edit master, including effects, from the offline edit list. (Video)

Opacity
How much you can see through something like a window, a material or a layer in video production. It is defined as the ratio of the amount of light falling on a surface to the amount of light which is transmitted. (Lighting)

Optical effects
Not to be confused with Visual Effects (VFX) – it is a lab procedure in which where shots are modified by the optical printer. These are most commonly seen as fades and dissolves, however, it can include a wide range of special effects procedures. Generally, this is done by computer generated effects today. (Laboratory)

Out-take
This is a take which isn’t used in the final production.

Outgoing scene
Video Production term used for scene change. The first scene (of two scenes) of a dissolve or wipe effect which then changes into the second scene, known as the incoming scene.

Over-crank
A film and video production term with the same meaning as Ramping (see Ramping). Over-cranking produces slow motion effect because it films more frames per second (e.g. 100 frames a second). (Camera crew)

Over-the-shoulder
A type of shot which is slightly different to the POV (point of view) shot. This can be used in film or video production to show a moving subject walking within a scene or used in interviews to create a intimacy between the contributor and interviewer.

Overdubbing
Overdubbing is the process of adding recorded sound to the original recording.

Overlapping and matching action
Repeating a section of the action in one shot at the beginning of the next, or using two cameras to match any overlap. This can produce a realistic scene transition. (Film Editing)

Overlay
Overlay is the imposition of two or more video recordings, CGI, titles or graphics over one another. Sound may also be overlaid with foley or other recorded sounds such as ADR.

Overscanning
CRT (old screens) use overscanning to make sure images fill the screen area.

# A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
There are currently 17 names in this directory beginning with the letter O.
Obie
A lighting term used to mean an eyelight mounted a camera. (Lighting)

Octave
An octave is referred to by musicians in the video production industry (and all other musicians too) to mean a note with the same sound but higher or lower frequency. The technical interval between two sounds having a basic frequency ratio of 2 to 1 will produce one octave difference. (Sound)

Off the record
Conversations between people or companies which are not recorded and should not be used for any purposes except for being a private and confidential conversation. Off the record is a term commonly used when producing documentary productions, political meetings or similar, where any recorded footage may not be used by a video production company, when both parties agree that it is strictly ‘off the record’. (Production)

Off-scale
It is off-scale if parameters are outside the range of the standard light values of a printer. (Laboratory)

Off-screen
Off-screen is an action or sound that occurs out of the range of view in a video or film. Off-screen action or sounds can be distracting and reduce the quality of the finished video, unless they are part of the planned process and add to the overall production values.

Offline
The editing process whereby the final edit list is compiled, usually in a more inexpensive edit room, in preparation for the on-line edit. (Video)

Online
The online editing process takes the video tapes and creates the final video edit master, including effects, from the offline edit list. (Video)

Opacity
How much you can see through something like a window, a material or a layer in video production. It is defined as the ratio of the amount of light falling on a surface to the amount of light which is transmitted. (Lighting)

Optical effects
Not to be confused with Visual Effects (VFX) – it is a lab procedure in which where shots are modified by the optical printer. These are most commonly seen as fades and dissolves, however, it can include a wide range of special effects procedures. Generally, this is done by computer generated effects today. (Laboratory)

Out-take
This is a take which isn’t used in the final production.

Outgoing scene
Video Production term used for scene change. The first scene (of two scenes) of a dissolve or wipe effect which then changes into the second scene, known as the incoming scene.

Over-crank
A film and video production term with the same meaning as Ramping (see Ramping). Over-cranking produces slow motion effect because it films more frames per second (e.g. 100 frames a second). (Camera crew)

Over-the-shoulder
A type of shot which is slightly different to the POV (point of view) shot. This can be used in film or video production to show a moving subject walking within a scene or used in interviews to create a intimacy between the contributor and interviewer.

Overdubbing
Overdubbing is the process of adding recorded sound to the original recording.

Overlapping and matching action
Repeating a section of the action in one shot at the beginning of the next, or using two cameras to match any overlap. This can produce a realistic scene transition. (Film Editing)

Overlay
Overlay is the imposition of two or more video recordings, CGI, titles or graphics over one another. Sound may also be overlaid with foley or other recorded sounds such as ADR.

Overscanning
CRT (old screens) use overscanning to make sure images fill the screen area.