FILM & VIDEO PRODUCTION GLOSSARY

# A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
There are currently 34 names in this directory beginning with the letter P.
Packaging
A video production company will refer to the Packaging of a production as being the mix of the script, key actors and the Director, used to attract financial backing for a film. (Production / financing)

PAL
PAL refers to Phase Alternating Line, the European, Australian and South African colour television standard - 25Hz frame rate and 625 lines per frame.

Pan
Pan is the horizontal movement of a camera left or right, generally used to enter a scene or follow movement. It can create a dynamic feel to a video production.

Pan handle
Pan handle is the arm which extends from the tripod head towards the camera operator and is used to move the camera smoothly for camera moves.

Pan Tilt Zoom (PTZ)
A PTZ is a device which remotely (or on tripod) is used to create horizontal, vertical or 3-D movement of the camera, plus controlled zoom speed. A PTZ controller can be used to more a remote head when operated on a camera crane or from a camera in the distance.

Parallels
This is temporary scaffolding, for cameras, lighting, or other rigging. (Grip/Lighting)

Phantom power
A method of remotely powering a microphone/preamplifier or impedance converter which is built in into many microphones by sending a voltage along the audio cable. Generally, in video production this is 48V. (Audio)

Pick-up
A pick up or pick-up shot is when part of a production or part of a scene is re-shot, after filming is complete. Pick-ups can be used to augment the edit or to give additional emphasis or narrative to part of the production. (production)

Picture in picture
Picture in picture is a viewing a screen with more than one video feed at the same time, with one screen smaller than the other on the monitor.

Pigeon
A Pigeon is a large heavy circular disc with a lighting stud – The pigeon is used to position a light on the floor – the lowest form of light stand. Also see Beaver Board (Lighting / Grip)

Pilot tone
This is a signal used within audio production using a known frequency for sync or for standardising audio desk input levels – or a general tone use for testing. (Audio)

Pink noise
This is different than white noise because it has a proportionately equal level of energy (per octave of sound) (Sound)

Playback
The playback technique is used when filming music videos where music is played back to the artist whilst they are performing or miming. Playback also refers to playing back live or pre-recorded video footage either during live broadcasts or when filming or editing.

Point of view (POV)
The Point-of-view shot (POV) shot is any shot filmed from the perspective of the person, a POV can be filmed without an actor present or for sports video, the wearer can wear the device on their head, their car windshield or bike etc. It gives the viewer of the video an idea of what the actor or sportsperson sees.

Post production supervisor
Post Production Supervisors are responsible for looking after the post production process and communication between edit, script and producers. (Post production)

Post-production
Post-Production is the period following the completion of filming.

Practical
This refers to any light that can be seen on screen, such as a table lamp, chandelier, etc. (Lighting)

Pre-blacked
a tape with a control track, normally containing with SMPTE encoded time code, but without any picture or sound for helping in edit assembly.

Pre-production
Is the planning phase of a video or film project where concept, storyboards, scripts, casting and location scouting etc are carried out.

Pre-scoring
Pre-recorded sound or music for the video which is used for the production. Commonly used in animated films. (Sound)

Prime lens
A lens with a focal length which is ‘fixed’ and cannot be changed, which is different than a zoom or telephoto lens. Prime lenses used for video are different than photographic lenses as they have smooth and continuous changes between stops, whereas photographic lenses often have clicked stops. Prime lenses for film and video are generally rated in T-Stops rather than F-Stops. Common sizes include 14mm, 35mm, 50mm etc.

Principal photography
This is the main cinematography (camera work) recorded during the making of the video. (Production)

Producer
The producer is the main person (or team of producers for larger productions) who is responsible for managing all aspects of pre-production, production and post-production to ensure that quality is maintained, crew are managed effectively and budgets are adhered to throughout the making of the video. There are many types of producer from executive producer, supervising producer, series producer, line producer, assistant producer and sometimes the job title may not indicate the responsibility or scope of the producer’s role within a production.

Product Demonstration
Demo videos are made to showcase how a product works or to sell the main features and benefits of a product.

Product launch video
Used to accompany salesforce and distributor activity to showcase the highlights of a new product or service. Product launch videos can often include experts who give their opinion.

Production
Production is the process of making a video or film and the end-goal of production is to make the finished video to an agreed standard, in agreed timescales, to an agreed budget.

Production assistant
Production assistants do a great deal of the day-to-day organisation for producers to make sure that each video production runs smoothly.

Production co-ordinator
The production co-ordinator has a similar role to the production assistant and can be responsible for crew, equipment hire and organising administrative duties for the production.

Production manager
The production manager can be responsible for managing all production issues outside directing the film or edit. The role is very flexible and demanding.

Production sound
The production sound is the recording of sound for the video production. (Sound)

Production sound mixer
The physical equipment used by a sound recordist to mix dialogue or other location sounds during filming. (Sound)

Production studio
Is a specialised suite where recording and processing of video and/or sound is made.

Props master
Is the individual responsible for managing and resourcing props for the video production.

Prosthetics
This is special make-up effects using materials such as latex, gelatine, rubber, plastics or other materials to alter the appearance of a person to create a special on-screen character (e.g.the film Alien).

# A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
There are currently 34 names in this directory beginning with the letter P.
Packaging
A video production company will refer to the Packaging of a production as being the mix of the script, key actors and the Director, used to attract financial backing for a film. (Production / financing)

PAL
PAL refers to Phase Alternating Line, the European, Australian and South African colour television standard - 25Hz frame rate and 625 lines per frame.

Pan
Pan is the horizontal movement of a camera left or right, generally used to enter a scene or follow movement. It can create a dynamic feel to a video production.

Pan handle
Pan handle is the arm which extends from the tripod head towards the camera operator and is used to move the camera smoothly for camera moves.

Pan Tilt Zoom (PTZ)
A PTZ is a device which remotely (or on tripod) is used to create horizontal, vertical or 3-D movement of the camera, plus controlled zoom speed. A PTZ controller can be used to more a remote head when operated on a camera crane or from a camera in the distance.

Parallels
This is temporary scaffolding, for cameras, lighting, or other rigging. (Grip/Lighting)

Phantom power
A method of remotely powering a microphone/preamplifier or impedance converter which is built in into many microphones by sending a voltage along the audio cable. Generally, in video production this is 48V. (Audio)

Pick-up
A pick up or pick-up shot is when part of a production or part of a scene is re-shot, after filming is complete. Pick-ups can be used to augment the edit or to give additional emphasis or narrative to part of the production. (production)

Picture in picture
Picture in picture is a viewing a screen with more than one video feed at the same time, with one screen smaller than the other on the monitor.

Pigeon
A Pigeon is a large heavy circular disc with a lighting stud – The pigeon is used to position a light on the floor – the lowest form of light stand. Also see Beaver Board (Lighting / Grip)

Pilot tone
This is a signal used within audio production using a known frequency for sync or for standardising audio desk input levels – or a general tone use for testing. (Audio)

Pink noise
This is different than white noise because it has a proportionately equal level of energy (per octave of sound) (Sound)

Playback
The playback technique is used when filming music videos where music is played back to the artist whilst they are performing or miming. Playback also refers to playing back live or pre-recorded video footage either during live broadcasts or when filming or editing.

Point of view (POV)
The Point-of-view shot (POV) shot is any shot filmed from the perspective of the person, a POV can be filmed without an actor present or for sports video, the wearer can wear the device on their head, their car windshield or bike etc. It gives the viewer of the video an idea of what the actor or sportsperson sees.

Post production supervisor
Post Production Supervisors are responsible for looking after the post production process and communication between edit, script and producers. (Post production)

Post-production
Post-Production is the period following the completion of filming.

Practical
This refers to any light that can be seen on screen, such as a table lamp, chandelier, etc. (Lighting)

Pre-blacked
a tape with a control track, normally containing with SMPTE encoded time code, but without any picture or sound for helping in edit assembly.

Pre-production
Is the planning phase of a video or film project where concept, storyboards, scripts, casting and location scouting etc are carried out.

Pre-scoring
Pre-recorded sound or music for the video which is used for the production. Commonly used in animated films. (Sound)

Prime lens
A lens with a focal length which is ‘fixed’ and cannot be changed, which is different than a zoom or telephoto lens. Prime lenses used for video are different than photographic lenses as they have smooth and continuous changes between stops, whereas photographic lenses often have clicked stops. Prime lenses for film and video are generally rated in T-Stops rather than F-Stops. Common sizes include 14mm, 35mm, 50mm etc.

Principal photography
This is the main cinematography (camera work) recorded during the making of the video. (Production)

Producer
The producer is the main person (or team of producers for larger productions) who is responsible for managing all aspects of pre-production, production and post-production to ensure that quality is maintained, crew are managed effectively and budgets are adhered to throughout the making of the video. There are many types of producer from executive producer, supervising producer, series producer, line producer, assistant producer and sometimes the job title may not indicate the responsibility or scope of the producer’s role within a production.

Product Demonstration
Demo videos are made to showcase how a product works or to sell the main features and benefits of a product.

Product launch video
Used to accompany salesforce and distributor activity to showcase the highlights of a new product or service. Product launch videos can often include experts who give their opinion.

Production
Production is the process of making a video or film and the end-goal of production is to make the finished video to an agreed standard, in agreed timescales, to an agreed budget.

Production assistant
Production assistants do a great deal of the day-to-day organisation for producers to make sure that each video production runs smoothly.

Production co-ordinator
The production co-ordinator has a similar role to the production assistant and can be responsible for crew, equipment hire and organising administrative duties for the production.

Production manager
The production manager can be responsible for managing all production issues outside directing the film or edit. The role is very flexible and demanding.

Production sound
The production sound is the recording of sound for the video production. (Sound)

Production sound mixer
The physical equipment used by a sound recordist to mix dialogue or other location sounds during filming. (Sound)

Production studio
Is a specialised suite where recording and processing of video and/or sound is made.

Props master
Is the individual responsible for managing and resourcing props for the video production.

Prosthetics
This is special make-up effects using materials such as latex, gelatine, rubber, plastics or other materials to alter the appearance of a person to create a special on-screen character (e.g.the film Alien).