FILM & VIDEO PRODUCTION GLOSSARY

# A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
There are currently 22 names in this directory beginning with the letter R.
Rack
A frame carrying film in a processing machine. Rack can also refer to frame edit alignment - where a projected film remains properly framed on screen (in rack). (Lab)

Rack Focus
Rack Focus is a technique often used by camera operators to shifting focus between subjects in the background and foreground so that the viewer's attention moves from subject to subject as the focus shifts. Rack Focus can also be used for objects also. It is often an effect which is used to create a dramatic or subtle change. (Camera crew)

Ramping
When a different frame rate is used in the film production industry for example, to create slow motion, useful for filming sports video or live events. Shooting at a standard frame rate and then Ramping the frame rate to 100 fps will mean that the sports video or subject in a corporate video production will appear to be in slow motion when played back. (Film & video production)

Re-recording
The process of managing all dialogue, audio, music., foley etc into the master recording.

Re-shoot
Any filming carried out not in the original schedule. It can be within the timescales of the filming schedule or done again afterwards if there are things which need to be done again or done differently.

Reaction shot
A shot of an actor watching or listening while another actor does something. Reaction shots can be filmed as drop-ins if required within the video process. (Production)

Real-time editing.
Editing in real-time using hardware which is capable of playback at full frame rate whilst editing. (Editing)

Red
Red is a term generally used for the RED brand of production cameras, used for making corporate, documentary and TV films.

Redhead
Is a 1kW lighting unit. Also known as a ‘Mickey’. (Lighting)

Reflectors
Reflectors can be made of white or coloured materials, eg, silver, gold and used to bounce lighting (or natural sunlight) for creating fills or to enhance the shot. They range in size from as small as a hand up to many metres wide. Walls and ceilings can also be used as a reflector for shaping light. (Lighting)

Remote head
A camera mount which is usually on la crane/jib and operated by remote control (wired or wireless). These are operated by the camera department specialists and are able to do repeated movements for special effects or when any element of repeatability is required

Remote location
Video shoot away from the main studio or corporate offices, or in the open air on location, away from a controlled studio environment.

Residual colour
The colour remaining in an image after the video camera has been grey/white balanced. The less colour, the better the lighting and better the balance.

Resolution
Resolution: The clarity or sharpness of the picture. Resolution is most often stated in the number of total lines that make up an image or in MHz.

Reverse angle
A 180-degree shot, relative to the preceding shot. Reverse shots are generally best if filmed on the same side of the line. (Production)

Rim light
In video production a rim light is used to cast a light on the edge (hair, shoulder) of a person or on the edge or rim of an object to make the subject stand out and separate it from the background, or simply to beautify the individual and make the production more appealing. (Lighting)

Riser
A riser or camera riser is equipment used to place distance (to lift) between the camera base and the tripod or track. A riser can be used to raise set height, lighting or camera equipment on set. (Grip/Lighting)

Room Tone
Is the ambient background noise of any location/room where audio recording is taking place. Also known as a Buzz track.

Rough Cut
Rough cut: The first cut of a video production. Today, many rough cuts for corporate films are finely polished video productions for client approval and have been round the production company for changes before presentation to clients. (Film Editing)

Rule of Thirds
The rule of thirds is when you divide the length of the frame into three and also the height and use the intersection points between the ‘thirds’ to place interesting points within the frame. For example, eyes, special objects etc.

runner
The first level entry point into video production. A role supervised by the production crew such as a producer or an AD, the runner literally runs about doing essential things to keep the film set going and making the production more efficient.

Rushes
Unedited Printed film or digital footage which is used to give to the editor for use/evaluation within the production (Laboratory)

# A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
There are currently 22 names in this directory beginning with the letter R.
Rack
A frame carrying film in a processing machine. Rack can also refer to frame edit alignment - where a projected film remains properly framed on screen (in rack). (Lab)

Rack Focus
Rack Focus is a technique often used by camera operators to shifting focus between subjects in the background and foreground so that the viewer's attention moves from subject to subject as the focus shifts. Rack Focus can also be used for objects also. It is often an effect which is used to create a dramatic or subtle change. (Camera crew)

Ramping
When a different frame rate is used in the film production industry for example, to create slow motion, useful for filming sports video or live events. Shooting at a standard frame rate and then Ramping the frame rate to 100 fps will mean that the sports video or subject in a corporate video production will appear to be in slow motion when played back. (Film & video production)

Re-recording
The process of managing all dialogue, audio, music., foley etc into the master recording.

Re-shoot
Any filming carried out not in the original schedule. It can be within the timescales of the filming schedule or done again afterwards if there are things which need to be done again or done differently.

Reaction shot
A shot of an actor watching or listening while another actor does something. Reaction shots can be filmed as drop-ins if required within the video process. (Production)

Real-time editing.
Editing in real-time using hardware which is capable of playback at full frame rate whilst editing. (Editing)

Red
Red is a term generally used for the RED brand of production cameras, used for making corporate, documentary and TV films.

Redhead
Is a 1kW lighting unit. Also known as a ‘Mickey’. (Lighting)

Reflectors
Reflectors can be made of white or coloured materials, eg, silver, gold and used to bounce lighting (or natural sunlight) for creating fills or to enhance the shot. They range in size from as small as a hand up to many metres wide. Walls and ceilings can also be used as a reflector for shaping light. (Lighting)

Remote head
A camera mount which is usually on la crane/jib and operated by remote control (wired or wireless). These are operated by the camera department specialists and are able to do repeated movements for special effects or when any element of repeatability is required

Remote location
Video shoot away from the main studio or corporate offices, or in the open air on location, away from a controlled studio environment.

Residual colour
The colour remaining in an image after the video camera has been grey/white balanced. The less colour, the better the lighting and better the balance.

Resolution
Resolution: The clarity or sharpness of the picture. Resolution is most often stated in the number of total lines that make up an image or in MHz.

Reverse angle
A 180-degree shot, relative to the preceding shot. Reverse shots are generally best if filmed on the same side of the line. (Production)

Rim light
In video production a rim light is used to cast a light on the edge (hair, shoulder) of a person or on the edge or rim of an object to make the subject stand out and separate it from the background, or simply to beautify the individual and make the production more appealing. (Lighting)

Riser
A riser or camera riser is equipment used to place distance (to lift) between the camera base and the tripod or track. A riser can be used to raise set height, lighting or camera equipment on set. (Grip/Lighting)

Room Tone
Is the ambient background noise of any location/room where audio recording is taking place. Also known as a Buzz track.

Rough Cut
Rough cut: The first cut of a video production. Today, many rough cuts for corporate films are finely polished video productions for client approval and have been round the production company for changes before presentation to clients. (Film Editing)

Rule of Thirds
The rule of thirds is when you divide the length of the frame into three and also the height and use the intersection points between the ‘thirds’ to place interesting points within the frame. For example, eyes, special objects etc.

runner
The first level entry point into video production. A role supervised by the production crew such as a producer or an AD, the runner literally runs about doing essential things to keep the film set going and making the production more efficient.

Rushes
Unedited Printed film or digital footage which is used to give to the editor for use/evaluation within the production (Laboratory)