FILM & VIDEO PRODUCTION GLOSSARY

# A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
There are currently 14 names in this directory beginning with the letter W.
Walla
Produced by a Walla Group (a group of people used to create a Walla), a Walla is a sound effect used to simulate a crowd murmuring. This is a type of ambient background noise effect used in the film production industry to make documentaries, films, corporate video, sports video productions or educational video. A Walla Group can also be used in TV commercials or viral advertising campaigns to generate crowd noise or murmuring. (Sound)

Waste
Waste is a lighting term used in the video production and film industries to denote lighting which initially shines on a subject or object, then turns away producing a spilling or waste of light. (Lighting)

Wave
A Wave is a regular electromagnetic emission such as light or a sound pressure wave. The frequency, amplitude and minute changes in wavelength produce light and sound variations (Sound / picture / electronics)

Whip pan
Whip Pan (swish pan): Extremely rapid camera movement from left to right or right to left, appearing as an image blur. Two such pans in the same direction, edited together one moving from, the other moving to a stationary shot can effectively convey the passage of time or a change of location.

White balance
A white balance is when the camera is adjusted for the temperature (in kelvin) of the light within a scene. Light varies from warm (around 2,800k) through to values in excess of 10k (cold). A grey balance card (or white balance card if grey cards are not available) is used to reflect the light at the focal point of the scene and automatic white balancing can then be made, so that whatever the lighting temperature, white looks white, rather than too cool or too warm.

White noise
A signal having an equal amount of energy per hertz.

Wide angle
A wide angle shot is taken from a wide angle lens (like a 12mm, 14mm or 28mm lens for example), which enables a wide area to be captured within frame. Wide angle lenses can also be used to create distorted effects on faces or objects.

Wide open
Wide open is what a DoP or camera operator refers to when the aperture of the lens is fully open (eg 1.4, 2.8) and the value of a lens which is wide open depends on the minimum f-stop of the lens, with some lenses being described as fast if they can achieve a low value such as f/1.2. When ‘fast’ lenses are wide-open, they can be used to film extreme shallow depths of field, where only a small part of the area filmed is in focus. Wide open lenses also let more light in and can be used in darker conditions or in light conditions when a Neutral Density (ND) filter has been added to reduce or stop light entering the camera.

Widescreen
A general term for film presentation in which a film is shown in an aspect ratio of greater than 1.33 to 1. In today’s terms, this now means in an aspect ratio of greater than 1.85 to 1.

Wild line
Is like a wild track or wild sound, but is a line of dialogue, recorded either on set or at a looping stage, without any picture running.

Wild track
Wild Track or wild sound is non-synchronous audio which is recorded to without being in sync with the moving picture. (Sound)

Wipe
A wipe is an editing transition effect where there is a wipe between one shape to the next to cut between scenes or sequences. (Editing)

WRAP
Stopping filming in said to be a wrap, which stands for WRAP stands for : wind roll and process. (Production)

WS
The abbreviation sometimes used for wide shot, which is a wide angled lens revealing the scene location or used for establishing the start of a new scene. (Camera)

# A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
There are currently 14 names in this directory beginning with the letter W.
Walla
Produced by a Walla Group (a group of people used to create a Walla), a Walla is a sound effect used to simulate a crowd murmuring. This is a type of ambient background noise effect used in the film production industry to make documentaries, films, corporate video, sports video productions or educational video. A Walla Group can also be used in TV commercials or viral advertising campaigns to generate crowd noise or murmuring. (Sound)

Waste
Waste is a lighting term used in the video production and film industries to denote lighting which initially shines on a subject or object, then turns away producing a spilling or waste of light. (Lighting)

Wave
A Wave is a regular electromagnetic emission such as light or a sound pressure wave. The frequency, amplitude and minute changes in wavelength produce light and sound variations (Sound / picture / electronics)

Whip pan
Whip Pan (swish pan): Extremely rapid camera movement from left to right or right to left, appearing as an image blur. Two such pans in the same direction, edited together one moving from, the other moving to a stationary shot can effectively convey the passage of time or a change of location.

White balance
A white balance is when the camera is adjusted for the temperature (in kelvin) of the light within a scene. Light varies from warm (around 2,800k) through to values in excess of 10k (cold). A grey balance card (or white balance card if grey cards are not available) is used to reflect the light at the focal point of the scene and automatic white balancing can then be made, so that whatever the lighting temperature, white looks white, rather than too cool or too warm.

White noise
A signal having an equal amount of energy per hertz.

Wide angle
A wide angle shot is taken from a wide angle lens (like a 12mm, 14mm or 28mm lens for example), which enables a wide area to be captured within frame. Wide angle lenses can also be used to create distorted effects on faces or objects.

Wide open
Wide open is what a DoP or camera operator refers to when the aperture of the lens is fully open (eg 1.4, 2.8) and the value of a lens which is wide open depends on the minimum f-stop of the lens, with some lenses being described as fast if they can achieve a low value such as f/1.2. When ‘fast’ lenses are wide-open, they can be used to film extreme shallow depths of field, where only a small part of the area filmed is in focus. Wide open lenses also let more light in and can be used in darker conditions or in light conditions when a Neutral Density (ND) filter has been added to reduce or stop light entering the camera.

Widescreen
A general term for film presentation in which a film is shown in an aspect ratio of greater than 1.33 to 1. In today’s terms, this now means in an aspect ratio of greater than 1.85 to 1.

Wild line
Is like a wild track or wild sound, but is a line of dialogue, recorded either on set or at a looping stage, without any picture running.

Wild track
Wild Track or wild sound is non-synchronous audio which is recorded to without being in sync with the moving picture. (Sound)

Wipe
A wipe is an editing transition effect where there is a wipe between one shape to the next to cut between scenes or sequences. (Editing)

WRAP
Stopping filming in said to be a wrap, which stands for WRAP stands for : wind roll and process. (Production)

WS
The abbreviation sometimes used for wide shot, which is a wide angled lens revealing the scene location or used for establishing the start of a new scene. (Camera)